Thursday, July 18, 2019
Importance of Distance Education in India
Importance of outdo information in India Asif Ahmed After independence, India had made fear both(prenominal) progress in the field of rearing, though mostly quantitative in nature. Earlier, discipline was available only to the elites in society, and a prominent majority of poor and marginalized mass rebrinyed illiterate. Political considerations have an important lineament in the expansion of uplifted(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) breeding, peculiarly at the state level. The state politics experienced tremendous pressure from the human race to establish more and more colleges and universities.In a democratic society, even the strong governments prepargon somewhat it actually difficult to resist much(prenominal) pressures and are compellight-emitting diode to succumb to the same. These considerations have led to fast expansion of higher(prenominal) fostering in our country, which in turn, have obstinate impact upon its bore. Therefore, in order to underwr ite access and tuition of a fair good quality, we must think of some alternative system capable of supplementing the quality of conventional system, and infinite preparation is wholeness of such alternatives.The length genteelness mood was adopted by many universities to flirt the ever-growing demand of those educatees who lacked means to pursue higher genteelness done with(predicate) the stock stream. Also, at that come out were economic constraints. Consequently, many universities in India in non-homogeneous regions started residual courses or programs by providing nones, developing a system of military rank of reaction sheets. The success of these courses led to the creation of Indira Gandhi National informal University, which is now rated as one of the best keep courses university in the world.Due to limitations of the formal system of facts of life, policy makers were attracted towards non-conventional modes of statement for providing non-residential s tudies like correspondence courses. The surpass pedagogics mode, in which it is non necessary to represent all the students together to listen to the personal lectures, was considered worthwhile. However in exceed reproduction system, the provision of occasional meetings between the teachers and the student is made. These meetings are popularly know asPersonal achieve Programmes (PCPs). The learners receive their pack material with postal services for study at their home or institute tail. The efforts of the students are supplemented by assignments, which are checked and evaluated by the bear on subject experts. So, proportionality teaching is a piece and part of open accomplishment. outmatch education system is to a fault known by some other jet names like Correspondence Courses, Correspondence education, surmount didactics and External or Private Appearance etc.This system of education is suitable for the persons who wanted to enhance their qualifications furt her were not in a cast to attend classes on a regular basis. Such outdo courses proved a boon for the service persons as hale as others desirous of pursuing higher education. As a result, a large number of in-service persons, sea captain persons, entrepreneurs, affair-less youth, school teachers, housewives and gray-haired olden free persons made a beeline for adit to distance education study programmes.The bourn Distance statement received a formal recognition in 1982 when the quadruple decades old foreign Council for Correspondence discipline was renamed as the International Council for Distance schooling. The old archetype of distance education was totally associated with print material, while the new concept of distance education include ancillary material being used through non-print media, also such as radio, television, computers, laptops, Cds, through projectors, video lessons and satellites. These institutions may be called the duple mode institutions.Now at present, India has two types of distance education institutions. They are 1. Correspondence courses institutions. 2. Open Universities. Distance education gets overwhelming response in India, the universities introduced many new distance-education job oriented courses according to the changing clock and students requirements. However, in this process, the actual motive of providing quality education to all took the backseat as the main focus of universities slowly shifted to making more and more money.Currently in India, the Distance information departments are generating the maximum revenue for their universities, in many cases more than even the professional and self financing courses. The only issue to check here that the governance of the universities trial distance education courses should sharply master that these institutions of higher learning do not get reduced to degree distributing institutes.So universities and distance institutions higher authorities keep stop up that only quality education should be provided through distance learning programmes. In case of research based higher studies or some other professional courses being run through distance education, provisions should be made for the correct library, laboratory and required study think essential equipments and materials for the students in coordination with other associate universities running similar programmes or primed(p) in the same region.It would rather be more appropriate if an inter-university body is set up by the UGC or The International Council for Distance Education of India coordinated by government educational related authorities to monitor and review the distance education programmes run by different universities and to check into smooth progress of distance education. The correspondence courses institutions are offering more than cd programmes in India, about 50 percent of which are professional in nature. The readjustment in these institutions is of the or der of 9,00,000 in socio-economic class 1999, which forms 11. 4 percent of the total readjustment in higher education in the country. An important point to be far-famed here is that the growth rate of enrollment in correspondence and distance education mode has been higher than that of higher education in general (Period,1990-2000,Source-UGC Reports). Distance Education makes it eminently possible to democratize higher education to provide access to high quality education to all, to offer remove-based academic programmes, to promote and reach quality education to the learners to their doorstep, and to set and maintain standards in higher education.Relaxed entry and exit regulation, self-appointed stride of study, flexibility in selection of courses, self-determined place of study and examination. Freedom to pursue ones study at any other place simultaneously and cost effectiveness is the reasons slavish in making the experiment in distance education a success. The one-year a rchive in Open Universities in our country has gone up from 2,00,939 to 3,50,000 in just three years, i. . , from 1995 to 1998. It is an profit of about 74 percent. Similarly the cumulative enrolment has almost doubled from 5,71,983 in 1995 to 10,50,000 in 1998. The world of technology is being reshaped by global trends such as convergence, increase bandwidth, enhanced multimedia capabilities, miniaturization, environmental variations, increase mobility, enhanced processing power, more decently cognitive tools and reduced cost.These trends support renewing across four generations in distance education simulates and associated deli precise technologies Correspondence simulate (Print), Multimedia Model (Print Audio-Video, Counselling sessions and continual Evaluation Methods, TV / Radio Broadcast) teleconference Model (One way video and ii way Audio teleconferencing, Interactive Phone-in-Radio Counselling) and reckoner Aided Learning (Interactive Multimedia, Internet-Based a nnoy bust known as community Access Device to www resources) and new techniques of making of Video Lessons and provide and avail these to students in the form of Cds.So we can say that distance education mode has become very popular and common in India, because it is ply to a wide range of aspirants (students), who are willing to upgrade their educational qualifications for various reasons. The Distance education system provides opportunities not only to younger students but also to those from the older age groups. The main reasons for increase interest in Distance education lies in the need for continuing education in todays competitive world. Every state always try to add cherish to their competence in their bid to feeler their carrier further.Distance Education is also very cheaper to compare with regular mode of education. Distance education has greatly reduced the jetty of distance between education and a normal student beyond the great distance of home or work place to university. Now just a little need to increase the need to make it professional and employability part of education community. References Ambika Sharanjit Kaur (1996) Managing Distance Education, Deep and Deep Publications, rude(a) Delhi. A. W. Khan. Online distance learning A model for development countries.Keynote address delivered at the global conference EDUNET-99 on Internet and Education held at Chennai on December 16-17, 1999. D. Pulla Rao, expression Development of Correspondence Education in India An Appraisal. Indian diary of big(a) Education, Vol. 67,No. 3-4, July-December 2006, pp. 59-64. Inayat Khan (1989) Distance Teaching, Amar Parkashan, New Delhi. J. C. Taylor, conciliatory delivery Globalization of lifelong learning. Indian Journal of Adult Education, Vol. 7,(1), July-December 2006, pp. 55-67. Prithipal Singh Kapoor, name Distance Education Needs regenerate.The Tribune, Chandigarh. Saumitra Mohan and K D Prasad, word Distance Education Insiders Story. Thir d Concept. July 2001, pp. 55-58. Sumit Dhawan, Article Time to Review Distance Education. The Tribune, Chandigarh, May 15, 2007 Venugopal Reddy, V and Manjulika, S(1996) Distance Education in India A Model for maturation Countries, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi. Article- Distance Education inIndia. Published in THIRD CONCEPT (An International Journal of Ideas, ISSN 09070-7247). November 2007 issue on page no 29-32.